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Syria Transportations


In 2006 the Syrian national railway system consists of 2,711 km of which 2,460 km is standard gauge line: three sections are the Syrian section of the old Baghdad Railway; the main line from Damascus to Aleppo, with connections to Tartus, points in Lebanon and the phosphate mines; and the railway linking Latakia, Aleppo and Al-Qamishli, built with Soviet help and completed in 1981. There are also 251 km of narrow-gauge line-part of which is the pre-World War I Hejaz Railway, linking Damascus to Jordan and Lebanon. Syria is also connected by rail with Turkey (thus with Europe) and Iraq.

The road system, though growing, remains inadequate in view of the demands imposed by increased economic activity. In 2004, Syria had 94,890 km of roads, of which only 19,073 km were paved. There are road connections between the major towns and with Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey.

Tartus and Latakia are the main ports. Jablah and Baniyas are minor ports. In 2008, the merchant fleet was comprised of 87 vessels with a capacity of 329,579 GRT. In 2007, Syria had 90 airports, of which 26 had paved runways. Damascus is a connecting point for a number of major airlines; the main passenger terminal of its international airport was completed in 1982. Another principal airport is Aleppo International at Aleppo. Syrian Arab Airlines provides service to Aleppo, AlQamishli, Latakia and other airports; it also flies to other Arab countries and to Europe and Africa. In 2001, 760,900 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.


90 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways
total: 26
over 3,047 m: 6
2,438 to 3,047 m: 15
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 2 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total: 64
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 11
under 914 m: 52 (2007)

7 (2007)

gas 2,794 km; oil 2,000 km (2007)

total: 2,711 km
standard gauge: 2,460 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 251 km 1.050-m gauge (2006)

total: 94,890 km
paved: 19,073 km
unpaved: 75,817 km (2004)

900 km (not economically significant) (2005)

Merchant marine
total: 87 ships (1000 GRT or over) 329,579 GRT/475,102 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 74, carrier 4, container 1, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1
foreign-owned: 9 (Jordan 2, Lebanon 4, Romania 3)
registered in other countries: 170 (Barbados 1, Bolivia 2, Cambodia 33, Comoros 5, Cyprus 2, Dominica 2, Georgia 51, Hong Kong 1, Lebanon 2, Libya 2, Malta 5, Mongolia 1, North Korea 2, Panama 25, Sierra Leone 13, Slovakia 2, St Kitts and Nevis 6, St Vincent and the Grenadines 11, unknown 4) (2008)

Ports and terminals
Latakia, Tartus





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