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Syria Population


The population of Syria in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 17,800,000, which placed it as number 55 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 41% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 102 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 2.38%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 23,018,000. The population density in 2002 was 95 per sq km (245 per sq mi), but most of it was concentrated in a small area; 70% of Syria's people live in Damascus and the six western provinces. Desert areas in the east are largely uninhabited.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 55% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Damascus, had a population of 2,270,000 in that year. The population of Aleppo (Halab), a northern trading and agricultural center, was an estimated 2,173,000. Other main cities are Homs (Hims), 481,000; Hamath (Hama); and Latakia (Al-Ladhiqqiyah). According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 3.3%.


note: in addition, about 40,000 people live in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights - 20,000 Arabs (18,000 Druze and 2,000 Alawites) and about 20,000 Israeli settlers (July 2008 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 36.2% (male 3,679,473/female 3,467,096)
15-64 years: 60.5% (male 6,119,459/female 5,822,376)
65 years and over: 3.3% (male 310,838/female 348,344) (2008 est.)

Median age
total: 21.4 years
male: 21.3 years
female: 21.5 years (2008 est.)

Population growth rate
2.189% (2008 est.)

Birth rate
26.57 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Death rate
4.68 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

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